karst water

   Water discharged from karst springs which posses characteristics, primarily that of calcium content, indicating solution during the passage of that water across and through karst limestone. That part of karst spring water which is derived from watercourses sinking into the rock (and therefore originates mainly on impermeable rock) is said to be allogenic; that which derives from precipitation over the karst area alone is said to be autochthonous - the distinction between resurgence and exsurgence waters [19].

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

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  • karst water — karstinis vanduo statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Požeminis vanduo, kuris cirkuliuoja karstinio vandeningojo sluoksnio ertmėmis, uolienų poromis ir tirpina uolienas (gipsą, klintį, dolomitą, druską), gilina ir platina ertmes …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • water logging —    Water accumulation on top of soil where the water table and ground surface coincide [16] …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • water logged —    Water saturated [16] …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • water of crystallization —    Water embodied in crystal structure [16] …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • water of dehydration —    Water freed from hydrous minerals by chemical changes [16] …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst barré —    (French.)    1. A karst terrane of limited area completely surrounded by rocks of low permeability [10].    2. Term for karst areas whose lower part is enclosed and bordered by more or less impervious rocks which impedes ground water flow out… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst lake —    1. Lakes on karst surface, frequently connected with ground water; lakes in subterranean hollows (caves and caverns) [20].    2. A large area of standing water in extensive closed depression in limestone [10].    Synonyms: (French.) lac de… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst seep —    Place where karst ground water oozes out at the surface of the ground; sometimes overgrown and then forming a karst fen [20].    Synonyms: (French.) suitement karstique; (German.) Karstgrundwaßer Austritt; (Greek.) karstiki thiaroi; (Russian.) …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst shaft —    A vertical or steeply sided natural opening a few tens to a few hundred meters deep, formed by solution or erosion of vertical or sub vertical fractures or fissures by down flowing surface water. Such a pit, formed from above, may connect with …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst hydrology —    1. The branch of hydrology dealing with hydrological phenomena on and in regions and areas composed totally or in part of rocks which are soluble in water, such as limestones, dolomites, gypsum, and halite [20].    2. The drainage phenomena of …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

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